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Disability Chartbook


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V. Beneficiaries

Contents:
Chart 1: DI and SSI Beneficiaries (CY 1980-2037) (Projected)
Chart 2: DI Worker Beneficiaries as Percentage of Population Insured for Disability by Gender (CY 1975-2014)
Chart 3: SSI Beneficiaries as Percentage of Population by Age Group (CY 1980-2013)
Chart 4: Disabled Worker Beneficiaries as Percentage of State Population Ages 18 to 64 (CY 2003, 2010, and 2013)
Chart 5: SSI Disabled Adult Beneficiaries as Percentage of Total State Population 18 to 64 and of State Population 18 to 64 Below 125% of Poverty Level (2013)
Chart 6: SSI Children Beneficiaries as Percentage of Total State Population under 18 and of Population under 18 below 125% of Poverty Level (2013)
Chart 7: Expected Time on DI Rolls

 
Charts

Chart 1: DI and SSI Beneficiaries (CY 1980-2037) (Projected)

Last Updated February 2015

 

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This chart shows actual data for 1980 through 2013, and projections for 2014 and later (based on the 2014 Trustees Report and the 2014 Annual Report of the SSI Program).  The number of DI beneficiaries more than doubled between 1980 and 2013.  In the same period, the number of SSI beneficiaries under age 18 increased more than six-fold, and the number of SSI beneficiaries ages 18 to 64 nearly tripled.

 

Chart 2: DI Worker Beneficiaries as Percentage of Population Insured for Disability by Gender (CY 1975-2014)

Last Updated June 2015

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This chart shows the prevalence rate for DI worker benefits.  Since 1989, there has been an overall increase in the percentage of the population insured for disability that is receiving disability benefits.  In addition, women’s labor force participation has increased leading to more women achieving insured status for SSA’s disability program.  As these women age into their disability prone years, the prevalence rates of disability for men and women have converged.

 

Chart 3: SSI Beneficiaries as Percentage of Population by Age Group (CY 1980-2013)

Last Updated February 2015

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Chart 4: Disabled Worker Beneficiaries as Percentage of State Population Ages 18 to 64 (CY 2003, 2010, and 2013)

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Chart 5: SSI Disabled Adult Beneficiaries as Percentage of Total State Population 18 to 64 and of State Population 18 to 64 Below 125% of Poverty Level (2013)

Last Updated February 2015

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The percentage of State population ages 18 to 64 receiving SSI benefits in 2013 ranged from 0.27 percent in New Hampshire to 5.11 percent in West Virginia.  Considering only population 18 to 64 in households below 125 percent of the poverty level, rates in 2013 ranged from 7.07 percent in Nevada to 24.50 percent in Vermont.

 

Chart 6: SSI Children Beneficiaries as Percentage of Total State Population under 18 and of Population under 18 below 125% of Poverty Level (2013)

Last Updated February 2015


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There was a wide variation among States in the percentage of the population under 18 receiving SSI disability benefits in 2013, ranging from 0.55 percent in Hawaii to 4.27 percent in Arkansas.  Looking at just the population under 18 living in households with income below 125 percent of the poverty level, the percentage receiving SSI disability benefits in 2013 ranged from 2 percent in Hawaii to about 11 percent in Arkansas.

 

Chart 7a: Expected Time on DI Rolls (2001-2005)

Last Updated February 2012

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 Chart 7b: Expected Time on DI Rolls (1996-2000)

Last Updated February 2012

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These charts show the average duration on DI worker benefits prior to termination due to death, recovery, or attainment of age 65 based on past disability experience.  Compared to the experience between 1996 and 2000, duration increased for all ages except age 30 for the experience between 2001 and 2005.  In each age group, the average duration is higher for women.

Technically, the charts show length of entitlement, which is defined as meeting all requirements for the receipt of benefits, including the filing of an application.  It is not equivalent to receipt of benefits for all months, since benefits may not be due for specific months during a period of entitlement for a number of reasons.  For example, an individual may not be due benefits for any month he/she worked above the substantial gainful activity level after the completion of the trial work period.